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Fire safety of indoor car parks accommodating electrically powered vehicles (2021)

October 11th, 2023

This paper discusses the safety and more specifically the fire safety of indoor car parks accommodating electric vehicles and of charging facilities in indoor car parks. It answers the question of how to deal with the increase in electric vehicles in indoor car parks from a fire prevention and repression perspective. This paper provides guidance…

Fire impression tests cables

December 6th, 2021

At least a quarter of fires are caused by an electrical problem in (household) equipment or installations. This is usually the result of a faulty design. In addition, the fire safety performance of the cables also plays a role.To get an impression of the fire behaviour of two different types of cables and their influence…

Report smoke propagation in residential buildings

February 9th, 2021

As long as sofas and mattresses will produce an extensive amount of smoke, every individual fire safety measure will be insufficiently effective to reduce smoke propagation. The combination of limiting the use of synthetic materials (especially foams) in furnishing and closing the doors is the most effective combination of fire safety measures”, according to researchers…

The burning behaviour of sofas during smoke propagation experiments

April 17th, 2020

Little is known about the effects and effectiveness of different methods for evacuation and firefighting against smoke propagation. The Fire Service Academy of the Institute for Safety (IFV) have conducted during two weeks in the summer 2019 smoke propagation experiments in a residential building, located in the town Oudewater in the Netherlands. Nineteen experiments have…

Impression tests upholstered furniture and mattresses

November 30th, 2018

In 2016 the Institute for Safety and a retailer started a co-operation with the purpose to initiate a new approach towards product requirements for upholstered furniture and mattresses. Those requirements should improve consumer safety significantly taking into account current living situations and current research on domestic fire safety. The overall goal is to improve domestic…

Fire safety of fire safe cigarettes: an International review and Dutch data

November 16th, 2017

The European Union implemented the requirement for cigarettes to self-extinguish in order to reduce smoking-related fire deaths. However, the effectiveness of fire-safe cigarettes in reducing the number of fatalities is limited due to various factors such as socio-economic conditions, the ignition source, objects in the vicinity, and the conditions of the victims during the fire….

Fatal Residential fire in the Netherlands – Annual review 2016

June 5th, 2017

The Fire Service Academy of the Institute for Safety (IFV) structurally gathers data on fatal residential fires in the Netherlands. In this process the Fire Service Academy cooperates with the fire brigades and fire research teams involved in these fires. They provide data on fatal residential fires through a questionnaire. The respondents are approached based…

‘It depends’: Descriptive research into fire growth and the chances of survival

June 29th, 2015

The town of Zutphen, the Netherlands, has given the Dutch fire service the unique opportunity to research modern fire development in real homes with realistic layouts and furnishings. Both day-to-day practice and national and international studies have shown that fires have changed in recent years due to the increase in the use of synthetic materials…

The Basis for Fire Safety

June 10th, 2014

This publication, The Basis for Fire Safety: substantiating fire protection in buildings, is a knowledge document providing substantiation, argumentation and background information about fire prevention. It is intended as a reference book and a practical manual. The publication offers a conceptual framework for and an approach to the fire protection of buildings, based on Dutch…